* There are alot of possible questions that you can try to solve after finishing a certain module. By means that these are possible that can help a medical student to know how questions has been asked by lecture or tutor, these are online questions not downloadable you can screenshot to have and store In your device.*

*Below are lists of possible question of a particular module. Pass through it and solve for the better performance *

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*1. Define the following concepts of ecology: climax state, food chain, habitat, population density, socialization and adaptation. *

*2. Explain the epidemiological models of disease causation. *

*3. What are the guidelines in establishing the cause of a disease?*

*4. Define the following epidemiological concepts: *

*i. Health *

*ii. Disease *

*5. Name 2 major achievements of epidemiology. *

*6. What is a determinant of a disease? *

*7. Provide an example of determinants/factors influencing disease that is related to: *

*i. Agent*

*ii. Host *

*iii. Environment*

*8. Describe the gross reproductive rate. *

*9. Define prevalence rate. *

*10. Define incidence rate. *

*11. What is the neonatal mortality rate? *

*12. Define ‘chi-square test’. *

*13. What is the formula for calculating the chi-square test for a 2-by-2 table? *

*14. What is the formula for calculating the Chi-square test for a larger contingency table? *

*15. What do p<0.05 and p>0.05 mean? *

*16. What is the distinction between statistical significance and practical significance? *

*17. What is the use of the student t-test? *

*18. What is standard error? *

*19. Why is it important to know standard error? *

*20. What is sampling? *

*21. What are the types of sampling methods? *

*22. What is random sampling and non-random sampling? *

*23. How can you calculate sample size for estimation of a mean and estimation of a *

*24. proportion? *

*25. What are the characteristics of a normal distribution curve?*

*26. What are probability distribution and normal probability distribution? *

*27. Give the formula for calculating standard deviation?*

*28. What are descriptive methods of quantitative data? *

*29. What are the different methods of presenting frequency distribution data for grouped and ungrouped data? *

*30. How can you calculate the mean, median, variance and standard deviation?*

*31. What does the term biostatics mean? *

*32. Why do we need to study biostatistics in medical science? *

*33. What are the applications of biostatics? *

*34. What is descriptive statistics? *

*35. What are the descriptive methods for qualitative data? *

*36. What are the two diseases that are reported weekly and two diseases reported monthly? *

*37. What are the steps in investigation of an epidemic? *

*38. What are the roles of the district health team in control of an epidemic? *

*39. Differentiate point source epidemic from propagated epidemic? *

*40. Define the following terms; Secondary attack rate, Secondary attack rate and Herd *

*41. immunity *

*42. What are the four types of screening? *

*43. What are the measurement properties of a screening test? *

*44. What are screening criteria for initiating a program for screening? *

*45. Mention any five (5) accepted screening methods or disease and target population? *

*46. What is ‘risk difference’ and how is it calculated? *

*47. What are the six advantages of cohort studies? *

*48. Mention the six limitations to cohort studies?*

*49. What are the advantages of case control studies? *

*50. What are the disadvantages of case control studies? *

*51. What are the advantages of selecting controls from hospital or health facility? *

*52. What are the disadvantages of selecting controls from hospital or health facility? *

*53. What are the advantages of using special groups for controls? *

*54. How is the Odds Ratio interpreted? *

*55. What are the main categories of epidemiological studies? *

*56. Name two types of analytical studies. *

*57. What is the formula for calculating odds ratio in case control studies? *

*58. What are the three methods of hypothesis formation? *

*59. Define natural history of disease. *

*60. What are the three stages of pathogenesis in natural history of disease?*

*62. What are the four levels of prevention?*

*64. Describe the six key characteristics of infectious agents in disease transmission. *

*65. What are the two diseases that are reported weekly and two diseases reported monthly? *

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