QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS | BASIC PATIENT CARE | CMT NTA LEVEL 4

 

1. Help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is available known as:

A. Bed-rest

B. First aid

C. Pre-op care

D. Intra-op care

E. Feeding

 

2. Alert is when a person is:-

A. Sick  

B. Confused

C. Convulsing

D. Losing consciousness

E. Fully oriented to time, people and places

 DOWNLOAD BANK QUESTIONS OF BASIC PATIENT CARE

3. The suitable instrument for holding sterilize gauze, wool in medical and surgical procudures is;

A. Scissor

B. Kocher

C. suture

D. Sponge forceps

E. Hegar needle holder

 

4. When calling for help during emergency care to assist clients, one of the fallowing can be used;

A. Singing

B. Screaming

C. Dancing

D. Crying

E. Clapping

 

 

 

5. Nil per Oral (NPO) is one of the components of;

A. Post-operative care

B. Wound dressing

C. Physical examination

D. Urethral catheterization

E. Parental drug administration

 

 

 

6. A set of equipment for providing first aid is known as.

A. First aid tray

B. First aid kit

C. Tools box

D. Abdominal pack

E. Surgical tray

 

7. A device for stopping the flow of blood through an artery, typically by compressing a limb with a cord or tight bandage is called?

A. Tourniquet

B. Clamp forceps

C. Gauze pad

D. Waist belt

E. Rubber band

8. The following medicine is one of the emergency condition:

A. Hypogycaemia

B. Nausea

C. Headache

D. Yawn

E. Body Malaise

 

9. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is.

A. Intravenous fluid administration

B. Nasogatric tube insertion

C. Neonatal resuscitation

D. Anaesthetic administration

E. Chest compression and rescue breathing

 

10. Coma means:

A. Responding to external environment

B. The fracture of ribs

C. Basilic and cephalic veins paralysis

D. A state of prolonged deep uncosciousness

E. Alcohol intoxication

 

 

 

11. The most common route of drug administration is known as:

A. Oral route

B. Intra-dermal injection

C. Subcutaneous injection

D. Intravenous injection

E. Intramuscular injection

 

12. Intradermal injection is when:-

A. The medicine is injected between the layers of the skin.

B. The drug is deposited in the subcutaneous tissue which lies just beneath the skin.

C. The drug is injected to the muscles

D. The drug is instilled to the eye-ball

E. The drug is injected to the blood vessels

 

13. The suitable size of Foley catheter used to catheterize a female patient is;

A. 8 – 10

B. 14 – 16

C. 18 - 20

D. 22 – 24

E. 26 – 28

 

14. A medicine that is used to contract the pupil in order to reduce the tension of eye-ball in eye diseases is called;

A. Atropine drops

B. Tetracycline ointment

C. Pilocarpine drops

D. Neomycin ointment

E. Chloromphenical ointment

 

 

15. What amount of Diazepam injection are you going to inject to a child who is admitted in the ward due to convulsion, if the prescribed dose is 5mg intramuscular stat and the available ampoule is of 20mg/2mls?

A. 0. 2 mls

B. 0. 4 mls

C. 0.5 mls

D. 0.6 mls

E. 0.7 mls

 

 

16. Mwanamalundi was admitted in your ward with diagnosis of fecal impaction.The following will to given to cleanse his lower bowel.

A. Enema

B. Suppository

C. Drinking water

D. Cabbage soup

E. Metronidazole gel

 

 

17. The following medicine is usually given intradermally:

A. Heparin

B. Insulin

C. Adrenaline

D. BCG vaccine

E. Procain penicillin

18. The following medicine is usually given intramuscularly:

A. Heparin

B. Insulin

C. Adrenaline

D. BCG vaccine

E. Procain penicillin

 

19. The following medicine is usually given subcutaneously.

A. Heparin

B. Insulin

C. Adrenaline

D. BCG vaccine

E. Procain penicillin

 

20. The veins located at the inner aspect of the elbow commonly used to administer medicine intravenously are:

A. Dorsal metacarpal veins

B. Accessory cephalic veins

C. Basilic and cephalic veins

D. Median ante- brachial veins

E. Saphenous and femoral veins

21.You are teaching nursing student on the administration of drug by Subcutaneous and intradermal route what recommended degree of angle should needle placed  

A. Intradermal injection is injected at 5 to 10 degrees angle, and for subcutaneous is injected at 45 0 degrees angle.

B. Intradermal injection is injected at 25 to 30 degrees angle, and for subcutaneous is injected at 45 0 degrees angle.

C. Intradermal injection is injected at 5 to 10 degrees angle, and for subcutaneous is injected at 55 0 degrees angle.

D. Intradermal injection is injected at 79 to 89 degrees angle, and for subcutaneous is injected at 45 0 degrees angle.

22. At the point where cuff pressure equals the systolic pressure, a sharp tapping sound is heard.

Phase One of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Two of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Three of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Four of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Five of Korotkoff’s Sound

 

 

23. The following are the purposes of Dressing a Wound except?

A. To promote the wound for further injury or infection.

B. To absorb exudates such as pus or serum.

C. To immobilize and support the injured part.

D. To provide psychological and physical comfort for the patient.

24. Some medical practitioners choose to record this point as the diastolic pressure.

Phase One of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Two of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Three of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Four of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Five of Korotkoff’s Sound

 

25.This happens when the blood vessels beneath the cuff become congested, and is often a sign of hypertension.

Phase One of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Two of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Three of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Four of Korotkoff’s Sound

Phase Five of Korotkoff’s Sound

 

26.When body temperature is 39.50C

Pyrexia

Hyperpyrexia

Afebrile:

Febrile

Hypothermia

27.You are rotating at Muhimbili National Hospital in emergency department and found health worker performing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitate to Mr.Mwakalinga 46year old man.What are the purposes of CPR?

cardiac arrest

Shortness of breathing or difficulty in breathing

All of the above are correct

All of the above are not correct

28. Which of the following technique (procedure) for Oral Administration of Drugs is true

Select correct drug for the patient, by reading the medication after taking from the

cupboard, shelf draw or refrigerator.

Check the expiry date of the medication, expired medication should be administered.

Give the tablet to patient with drinking water; make sure patient swallows the medication

after leaving.

Thoroughly mix the medication before pouring, shake the bottle gently, remove cap or lid place the cap upside down on the trolley.

Record date, time, dose, route and type of medicine not given.

 

 

 

29.The following are normal average ranges of respiration rate at rest state:

Newborn infant 40- 60 breath per minute

Children 2-5 yrs 50-60 breath per minute

Adults 14-20 – breath per minute

All of the above are true

A and C are true

30. The knees are flexed and feet supported in the stirrup.

Semi – Recumbent Position

Genu-Pectoral

Left Lateral Position

Sim’s Position

Prone Position

 

31.To relieve pressure on the foetus’s cord when it has prolapsed.

Semi – Recumbent Position

Sitting Up Position

Left Lateral Position

Genu-Pectoral

Prone Position

 

32.A pillow is placed in front of the lower leg to support the upper leg.

Semi – Recumbent Position

Sitting Up Position

Left Lateral Position

Sim’s Position

Semi-Prone Position

 

33.Relieving distention due to flatulence

Semi – Recumbent Position

Sitting Up Position

Left Lateral Position

Sim’s Position

Prone Position

 

34. According to Maslow the five human basic needs are the following except:

Physiological disturbance

Safety needs

The need for love and belonging

Esteem needs

The need for self-actualization

 

35.Nursing asthmatic patients or other patients with respiratory disorders where

dyspnoea is marked.

Semi – Recumbent Position

Sitting Up Position

Left Lateral Position

Sim’s Position

Prone Position

 

 

SECTION B:  MULTIPLE TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS

INSTRUCTIONS:

· Write symbol “(TRUE)” for a true statement(s) and “( FALSE)” for a wrong statements(s) on the space provided

 

1. These are components of first aid kit:

A. ..FALSE..............sedative drugs

B. ...FALSE............Beer

C. ...TRUE.............Bandages

D. ...FALSE...........Water

E. ...TRUE.............Disinfectant

 

2. The following are instruments used for Incision and drainage:

A. ..........FALSE......Toothed dissecting forceps

B. ..........TRUE.........Artery forceps

C. ..........TRUE.........Sinus forceps

D. ...........FALSE.......Needle holder

E. ...........TRUE........Sponge holding forceps

 

3. The followings are components of post-operative care

A. ...........FALSE.............Singing to the patient

B. ...........TRUE...............Monitoring vital signs

C. ...........FALSE..............Eating solids soon after surgery

D. ...........TRUE................Position in the bed and mobilization

E. ...........TRUE...............Pain killers administration

 

4. The following are the principles of emergency care:

A. ........TRUE..................Communicate

B. .........TRUE...............No victim movement

C. ..........FALSE.............Having calm emotional state

D. ..........TRUE.............stop bleeding

E. ..........TRUE..............Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

 

5. The following are sites of intramuscular injection:

A. ..TRUE..............Buttock site(Gluteal muscle)

B. ...FALSE...........Bone

C. ...TRUE.............Thigh

D. ...FALSE...........Blood vessels

E. ...FALSE............Skin

 

 

6. The following are in the tray used for oral route drug administration:

A. ..........FALSE......Water for injection

B. ..........TRUE.........Drugs or medicines

C. ..........TRUE.........Pills crush

D. ...........FALSE.......Needle holder

E. ...........TRUE........Patient’s treatment chart or prescription

 

   7. The phases of Korotkoff sound has the following characteristics

A. ...........FALSE.............Phase 1- A crisp sound

B. ...........TRUE...............Phse2 - A soft swishing sound

C. ...........FALSE..............Phase 3- A tapping sound

D. ...........TRUE................Phase 4- A blowing sound

E. ...........TRUE...............Phase 5 –Silence

 

 

  8. The following are advantages for oral route drugs administration:

A. .....TRUE…….. Most convenient and acceptable

B. ….TRUE….Usually least expensive

C. TRUE……Safe does not break skin barrier

D. TRUE……Administration usually does not course stress

E. TRUE……Easy to instruct patient and independently when is at home.

9. Regardless of a medication’s form or the route by which it is administered, certain basic

guidelines must be followed.

…FALSE….Practice medical sepsis.

…TRUE….Wash your hands before and after administering a medication.

…FALSE….Work in a well-dark area that is free from distractions.

…FALSE….Follow the “Six Rights” of improper drug administration

…TRUE….Always check for allergies before administering any medication

FALSE…….Give only drugs that are even not ordered by a licensed or practitioner authorized to prescribe medications.

 

10.Bed Accessories and their Use

..FALSE.......Bed cradle: This is used to keep basic things for the patient, like drinking water, tooth brush

…TRUE….Bed-rest (back-rest): It is used to help the patient to lie in a sitting up position or recumbent position

…TRUE….Bed blocks / Bed-elevators: It used to elevate top of the bed in order to promote drainage

…FALSE…..Bedside locker: This is device which is used to keep the weight of the bed-linen away from the patient’s limb or other part of the body.

…FALSE…..Bed table/ cardiac table: It is a small table which is designed in such a way that it cannot be placed on the patient’s bed so that he or she can take his or her meals from a tray which is put on it.

 

 

SECTION C:  MATCHING ITEM QUESTIONS                                                      

 

· Match the lettered responses from column B to the numbered item in column A,

· Each Item to be used once.

 

PART I:

 Match the uses from column B with the surgical equipment in column A.

 

COLUMN A (EQUIPMENTS)

COLUMN B (USES)

1. F….. Scissors

A. Retracting abdominal wall during surgery

2. B…..Kocher

B. Clamps blood vesseles to stop bleeding.

3. E..Hegar needle holder

C. Used to close wounds

4. A..Abdominal wall retractor

D. Holding sterile gauze, cotton wool.

5. C….Sutures

E. Holding needle during surgical procedures

 

F. Divide tissues, cutting sutures and bandages

 

G. Absorbing blood during surgical procedures

 

H. Grasp, pick up, hold and manipulate tissues in surgery

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