Bank Of Questions | Epidemiology And Bio-Statistics | Cmt Nta 4 | Clinical Medicine First Year

Bank Of Questions | Epidemiology And Bio-Statistics | Cmt Nta 4 | Clinical Medicine First Year

 1. “Fifty percent of malaria cases in Simiyu region occurred in Busega district”. This statement shows

A. the distribution of malaria

B.  Outcomes of malaria

C.  Determinants of malaria

D. the causes of malaria

E. the time of the year when malaria is prevalent


2.  Describes the probability that someone selected at random from the population will have the disease in question

A.  Prevalence

B.  Incidence

D.  Risk Ratio

E. Risk Difference


 DOWNLOAD HERE BANK OF QUESTIONS

 DOWNLOAD HERE BANK OF QUESTIONS


3. To determine the crucial effect of the exposure

 A:  Epidemiologists study exposed people and healthy people

B:  Epidemiologists study sick people and healthy people

C: Epidemiologists study non-exposed people and exposed people

D. Epidemiologists study population and exposed people

E. Epidemiologists study exposed people sick people

  

4:  The provision of micronutrients to children with malnutrition is an example of:

A: Primary Prevention 

B: Secondary Prevention 

C: Tertiary Prevention

D. Specific intervention

E. Mass target intervention

5.  Is used to estimate the risk of acquiring a disease. It may be measured as a rate or a proportion.

A.  Prevalence

B.  Incidence

D.  Risk Ratio

E. Risk Difference

 

6: Disease causation theory which emphasize on keeping sick people away from well people

A: Personal behavior theory

B: Miasma theory

C:  Contagion theory

D.  The Multi Causal Theory

E. The Environmental Theory

 

7. In 2000, there were 1,000 women who worked in a factory painting radium dials on watches.  The incidence of bone cancer in these women up to 2015 was compared to that of 1,000 women who worked as telephone operators in 2000.  Twenty of the radium dial painters and four of the telephone operators developed bone cancer between 2000 and 2015.  What study design is this?

A.  Cohort study

B. Experimental study

C. Clinical trial

D.  Cross-sectional study

E. Case-control study

 

8. Level of disease prevention which mainly deals with underlying conditions, and reflects more on non-communicable diseases

 A: Primary Prevention 

B: Secondary Prevention 

C: Tertiary Prevention

 D. Specific intervention

E. Primordial prevention

9.  A type of incidence rate which is mainly used during epidemics

A:    Attack rate   

B:   Point prevalence rate

C:  Cumulative Incidence

D: Odd ratio

E: Relative risk

 

10. HMIS forms used to track data for analysis  

A: Tracer medicine forms 

B: Monthly report forms

C: Death notification forms

D. Tally sheet forms

E .IDSR forms

 

SECTION B: MULTIPLE TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS                              10

Instructions:

This section consists of Four (4) questions with five (5) options each. Write the word “TRUE” and NOT letter ‘T’ for a correct statement and the word “FALSE” NOT letter ‘F’ for incorrect statement in the space provided before each option


1. About   HMIS registers  

A. -------- All cases of children with diarrhea their details are recoded in DTC register

B--------- ANC register records the visits of the mother and infant during all visits within 42 days of delivery

C----------HMIS Register Na 13 track record for pregnant women from their first to their last visit for ANC services.

D. -------- A Tally sheet used concurrently with Family Planning register    record details of clients who visit RCH clinics.


E.------- HMIS register  Na 5  records patients or clients attendances at the OPD  and IPD

2. About epidemiological study designs:

A. ---------- If  observational study involve  a comparison group, then it is  descriptive study  

B. --------- If epidemiological study involves selecting people   by exposure and following them   to see development of disease, then it is a case control study

C. ---------- A study where investigators begin with people who have been diagnosed as having a disease and compare them to people without the disease is cross sectional study

       D. --------- If a study considers both exposure and outcome at the same time, then it is experimental

E.-------  A nested case-control study is conducted within a defined cohort in which exposure data and population characteristics are available to some extent, often from the time of enrollment into the cohort

 

3. Concerning    HMIS data uses   

A: ------  HMIS facilitates good management of a health facility

B:------- Tools and equipment in the context of the HMIS are used to meet the cost of trainings and repair of essential equipment

C:----------Tools and equipment in the context of the HMIS are used to ensure availability of medicine but not and supplies used routinely

D:---------- HMIS facilitates improvement of the quality of health care provided

E:---------- Provides signals that can be reviewed frequently to monitor program implementation


4. About epidemiologic Approach in measuring disease and health

A. ---------Disease and health is measured   randomly

B.  --------- Epidemiology uses  systematic approach to study the differences in disease distribution in subgroups

C. ---------- In measuring disease we  counts  cases or health events, and describes them in terms of time, place, and person

D. ----------Disease is evenly  randomly distributed throughout a population

E. ----------In measuring  disease we cannot   compares  rates over time or for different groups of people


SECTION C:  MATCHING QUESTIONS                                                               10

1. Match the characteristics from COLUMN B with their corresponding terms in COLUMN A  by writing the letter of correct response in the space provided on each  option (5 )

Column A

Column B

 Matched item

 

A.  Comparison group

B. Case reports  

C. Attributable risk

D. Incubation Period

E. Relative Risk and Odds Ratio

F.  Relative risk

G. Case

H. Control

(i)The difference between the incidence in the exposed group and the  incidence in the non-exposed

 

(ii)  Key feature of analytic epidemiology

 

 

(iiii) Describe the experience of a single patient or a group of patients with a similar diagnosis

 

(iv) Quantifies the relationship between exposure and disease among the two groups

 

(v)  Risk ratio

 

 

 

2. Match the characteristics from COLUMN B with their corresponding terms in COLUMN A  by writing the letter of correct response in the space provided on each option          (5 )

                List A

                                   List B

C; Matched item/s

A. HMIS Book No. 5

B) HMIS Book No 6

C) HMIS Book No 8

D) HMIS Book Na 12

E) Book No 9

F)  Book No.13

G) HMIS Book No7

H.  HMIS book Na 15

(i) Records the visits of the mother and infant during all visits within 42 days of delivery

 

(ii) Track   information on growth monitoring for all  children  under 5 years of age including infants

 

 

 (iii)  Record  information for pregnant women from their first to their last visit for ANC services

 

(iv) Records data of the new and re attended clients who visits the health facility for family planning services

 

(v) Register records information of services provided to women and child during and after delivery

 

 


SECTION D:  SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS                                                     40

Instructions:

· This section consists of eight   (8) questions.

· Write your answers in the space provided on each question.

· Write a readable handwrite; DIRTY WORK IS NOT ALLOWED

 

1.  List any five (5) importance of epidemiology                                      (5)

i---------------------------------------------------

ii-----------------------------------------------

iii-------------------------------------------------

iv-----------------------------------------------

v-----------------------------------------------

2. (a) In-patient Department services are recorded in three HMIS tools. What are they?    

                                                                                                                                           ( 3 )                                       

  i-----------------------------------------------

 ii---------------------------------------------

iii-----------------------------------------------

 (b) What does the following term stands for?                                                           (2 )

 i. HMIS

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ii. MTUHA

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------       

3.(a) What is the difference between analytical epidemiology and descriptive epidemiology                            (2 )

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


(b). To describe the occurrence of a disease fully, there are three key questions that must be answered. What are these questions                                                                                (3)                                                                                                       

(i)--------------------------------------

(ii)--------------------

(iii)---------------------------------------


4. (a) Define   prevalence                                                                                              (2)                                     

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(b). A study starts with 5,000 people. Of these, 125 have the disease in question.  What is the prevalence of disease per 1000 people? (Show work).                                                    (3 )

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------       

5     (a) what is   incidence                                                                                          (2)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                          

(b)   A study starts with 4,875 health people.  Over the next 2 years, 75 develop the disease. What is the incidence rate of disease over the study period? (Show all work).             (3)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


6. List five factors which influence increase or decrease in prevalence of diseases      (5 )

i.--------------------------------------------

 ii.----------------------------------------                   

 iii.---------------------------------------------

 iv.---------------------------------------------

 v-----------------------------------------------


7.(a)What is a cohort                                                                                              (2 )

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


(b) Give any three components used in calculating incidence of a disease            (3 )

 i.---------------------------

 ii -------------------------                 

 iii.---------------------------


8. In a study of two toothpastes, 15 out of 120 caries-free children using new toothpaste (exposure) developed caries after 2 year. In another group of 120 caries-free children using standard toothpastes, 35 developed caries. Using a 2 by 2 table Calculate and interprets the relative risk of the study                                                                                                   (5 )

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


SECTION E: GUIDED ESSAY QUESTIONS   30

Instructions

This section consists of two (2) questions of which are    supposed to be answered in a narrative way.  Write your answer on the empty pages of this question paper; each question should start on a new page

1. Explain the importance of HMIS data           

2. With the aid of diagram describe disease causation through epidemiology triad   

Post a Comment

0 Comments