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Medical Ethics And Professionalism notes za wizara of cmt nta level 4

Medical Ethics And Professionalism Notes Za Wizara Cmt Nta 4 Clinical Medicine First Year

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Patients Rights

Definition of Patient and Patient Right

Patient: Any person who seek treatment or medical care at the health facility

Patient Right: Is a privilege or fundamental power to which an individual is entitled unless is revoked by law or given up voluntarily.

 

Explanation of Patient Rights

Many issues comprise the rights of patients in the medical system, including a person's ability to sue a health care provider; access to emergency and specialty care, diagnostic testing, and prescription of medication without prejudice; confidentiality and protection of patient’s medical information; and continuity of care.

Besides basic rights of care and privacy, is the education of patients concerning what to expect of their health care facility and its providers.

 

Patient Rights in the Provision of Health Services

In accordance to patient rights health care providers have the obligation to adhere to these patients rights.

 

The Right of Individuals to be Treated with Respect and Dignity

Health providers should promote an environment that engenders mutual respect including respect for the dignity and rights of all concerned.

 

The Right of Individuals to Life, Liberty and Security

i. Promote emotional security, provide physical security, and enable religious and spiritual security for patients while in hospital care.

ii. Assure patients that their independence will be encouraged.

iii. Provide mechanisms that enable patients and staff to offer feedback or make complaints without fear of revenge to quality care.

iv. Provide and promote a safe working environment for patients and all staff.

 

The Right of Individuals to Have Their Religious and Cultural Identity Respected

i. Provide care in an environment that supports the cultural and language needs of residents and their families.

ii. Provide food and drink which meet the needs for reasonable personal, cultural and religious preferences.

iii. Provide ease of access to spiritual advisers and a place (not necessarily a dedicated place) for religious observances appropriate to the wishes of the patient.

 

 

The Right of Competent Individuals to Self-determination

i. Promote an environment that provides patients with opportunities for self-development and that maximise their potential for well-being, especially patients who stay for long time in the hospital.

ii. Respect the right of patients to their reasonable choices of care provision.

iii. Encourage patients to take responsibility for their actions and choices.

iv. Provide access to independent social, legal or other advice and help, which are relevant to patient care.

v. Develop protocols, within the law, to assist patients with self-medication for this type of care.

 

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The Right to an Appropriate Standard of Care to Meet Individual Needs

i. Act in the best interests of patients in determining, particularly before admission, whether or not the hospital has the capability of providing them with care appropriate to their needs.

ii. Provide food, drink, care and support to the standard appropriate to the needs of patients in order to maintain optimal health and well-being.

 

The Right to Privacy and Confidentiality

Providers should promote an environment that supports the privacy and confidentiality of residents, families, and staff.

 

 

The Recognition that Human Beings are Social Beings with Social Needs

i. Enable patients to meet their social needs whenever possible.

ii. Enable ease access for families and friend to visit the patient following hospital regulations and policies.

iii. Recognize the needs of patients for social contact and provide opportunities for social interaction.

 

Key Points

i. Patient rights encompass legal and ethical issues in the medical care provider-patient relationship, including person’s right to privacy.

ii. Patient rights also include the right to quality medical care the right to make informed decisions about care, treatment option and the right to refuse treatment.

iii. The health care providers have the obligation to meet these rights through practicing professionally using the ethical code of practice.

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