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Anatomy And Physiology Notes Za Wizara Cmt Nta 4 Clinical Medicine First Year

This module is intended for use primarily by tutors of CO schools. The module’s sessions give guidance on the time and activities of the session and provide information on how to teach the session to students. The sessions include different activities which focus on increasing students’ knowledge, skills and attitudes.



How is the Module Organized?

The module is divided into 22 sessions; each session is divided into several sections. The following are the sections of each session:

1.  Session Title: The name of the session.

2.  Total Session Time: The estimated time for teaching the session, indicated in minutes.

3.  Pre-requisites: A module or session which needs to be covered before teaching the session.

4.  Learning Objectives– Statements which indicate what the student is expected to learn at the end of the session.

5.  Resources Needed – All of resources needed for the session are listed including handouts and worksheets.

6.  Session Overview – The session overview box lists the steps, time for each step, the activity or method used in each step and the step heading.

7.  Session Content – All the session contents are divided into steps. Each step has a heading and an estimated time to teach that step. Also, this section includes instructions for the tutor and activities with their instructions to be done during teaching of the contents.

8.  Key Points – Each session has a step which concludes the session contents near the end of a session. This step summarizes the main points and ideas from the session.

9.  Evaluation – The last section of the session consists of short questions based on the learning objectives to check the understanding of students.

10.  Handouts – Additional information which can be used in the classroom while teaching or later for students’ further learning. Handouts are used to provide extra information related to the session topic that cannot fit into the session time. Handouts can be used by the participants to study material on their own and to reference after the session. Sometimes, a handout will have questions or an exercise for the participants. The answers to the questions are in the Facilitator Guide Handout, and not in the Student Manual Handout.

How Should the Module be used?

Tutors are expected to use the module as a guide to train students in the classroom and

clinical settings. The contents of the modules are the basis for teaching and learning

Management. The tutors are therefore advised to read each session and the relevant handouts and worksheets as preparation before facilitating the session. Also, tutors need to prepare all the resources, as indicated in the resource section or any other item, for an effective teaching  and learning process.


What Should the Facilitators do?

 Plan a schedule (timetable) of the training activities.

1.  Use the session contents as a guideFacilitators are expected to be innovative to make the teaching and learning process effective.

2.  Read the sessions before facilitation; make sure you understand the contents in order to clarify points during facilitation.

3.  Time allocated is estimated, but you are advised to follow the time as much as possible, and adjust as needed.

4.  Use session activities and exercises suggested in the sessions as a guide.

5.  Always involve participants in their own learning. When participants are involved, they learn more effectively.

6.  Facilitators are encouraged to use real life examples to make learning more realistic.

7.  Make use of appropriate reference materials and teaching resources available locally.


What You Need to Do Before Teaching with Handouts and Worksheets

i.  Go through the session and identify handouts and worksheets needed for the session.

ii.  Reproduce pages of these handouts and worksheets for student use while teaching the session. This will enable students to refer to handouts and worksheets during the session in the class. You can reproduce enough copies for students or for sharing.

iii.  Give clear instructions to students on the student activity in order for the students to follow the instructions of the activity.

iv.  Refer students to the specific page in the student manual as instructed in the facilitator guide


 This article aim to give a modules sessios that should be covered in the period of semsister 1 for cmt nta level 4. the sessions are arranged according to the modules of august 2010.

Note: when you try to study make sure you pass through the assessment plan for the ntal level you study. This make easy to study and avoiding to study out of syllabus.Bellow are anatomy and physiology 1 and 2 modules


Anatomy and physiology 1 Sessions

Session 1: Introduction to Anatomy  

Session 2: Structural Organisation of Organism

Session 3: Structure and Function of Epithelial Tissues

Session 4: Structure and Function of Connective Tissue

Session 5: Structure and Function of Muscle, Nervous and Bone Tissues

Session 6: Organs in Different Body Cavities

Session 7: Body Fluid and its Constituent

Session 8: Lymph and Lymphatic System

Session 9: Blood and its Constituents


Session 10: Introduction to Cardiovascular System

Session 11: Physiology of the Heart

Session12: Structure of Blood Vessels & their Response to Injury

Session13: Blood Circulation to the Head and Neck

Session14: Blood Circulation to the Upper Limb and Thorax

Session 15: Blood Circulation to the Abdomen and Internal Organs

Session16: Blood Circulation to the Pelvis and Lower Limb

Session 17: Upper Respiratory Tract

Session 18: Structure and Function of Lower Respiratory Tract

Session 19: Pulmonary Ventilation

Session 20: External and Internal Respiration

Session 21: Introduction to the Gastrointestinal System

Session 22: Stomach and Intestines

Session 23: Accessory Organs of Digestive System

Session 24: Digestive Secretions and Digestion

Session 25: Carbohydrate Metabolism

Session 26: Lipid and Protein Metabolism

Session 27: Structure and Function of the Kidneys and the Nephron

Session 28: Mechanism of Urine Formation


Anatomy and physiology 2 Sessions

Session 1: The Brain

Session 2: The Autonomic Nervous System

Session 3: Spinal Cord

Session 4: Organisation of the Peripheral Nervous System

Session 5: Spinal Nervves

Session 6: Structure and Functions of Bones

Session 7: The Skull and Vertebral Column

Session 8: The Thoracic Cage and Upper Limb

Session 9: Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb

Session 10: The Joints

Session 11: Muscles of the Head and Neck

Session 12: Muscles of the Upper Limb

Session 13: Muscles of Abdomen, Pelvis and Lower Limbs

Session 14: Introduction to Endocrine System and Hypothalamus

Session 15: Hormones of the Pituitary Gland

Session 16: Adrenal Glands, Pancreas and Local Hormones

Session 17: Thyroid and Parathyroid Gland

Session 18: Male Reproductive System

Session 19: Accessory Organs and Physiology of the Male Reproductive System

Session 20: Structural Organisation of the Female Reproductive System

Session 21: Internal Female Reproductive Organs and Accessory Glands

Session 22: The Skin

Session 23: Structure and Functions of the Ear

Session 24: The Eye

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