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Bank Of Questions | Anatomy And Physiology | Cmt Nta 4 | Clinical Medicine First Year

Bank Of Questions | Clinical Nutrition | Cmt Nta 4 | Clinical Medicine First Year

 1: Anatomy is defined as….

A. Study of body cells

B. Study of human body structures

C. Study of body function and structure

D. Study of muscles only

E. Study of diseases of body structure

2: Which of the following specialties might focus on studying all of the structures of the ankle and foot?

A. Microscopic anatomy

B. Muscle anatomy

C. Regional anatomy

D. Systemic anatomy

E. Histology

3:  The smallest independently functioning unit of an organism is named as?

A. Cell

B. Molecule

C. Organ

D. Tissue

E. Organism


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4. Awhich of the following means a collection of similar tissues that performs a specific function?

A. Organ

B. Organelle

C. Organism

D. Organ system

E. System

5. Which of the following body systems is responsible for structural support and movement?

A. Cardiovascular system

B. Endocrine system

C. Muscular system

D. Skeletal system

E. Digestive system

2. To make a banana split, you halve a banana into two long, thin, right and left sides along the ________.

A. coronal plane

B. longitudinal plane

C. midsagittal plane

D. transverse plane

E. transverse plane

3. The lumbar region is ________.

A. inferior to the gluteal region

B. inferior to the umbilical region

C. superior to the cervical region

D. superior to the popliteal region

E. lateral to the heart

4. Where is the heart located with chest cavity?

A. cranial cavity

B. mediastinum

C. posterior (dorsal) cavity

D. All of the above

E. All of the above

5: The rough endoplasmic reticulum has its name due to what associated structures?

A. Golgi apparatus

B. ribosomes

C. lysosomes

D. proteins

E. nucleus

6. Which of the following is a function of the rough E endoplasmic reticulum  

A. production of proteins

B. detoxification of certain substances

C. synthesis of steroid hormones

D. regulation of intracellular calcium concentration

E. form cytoplasm

7. Which of the following organelles produces large quantities of ATP when both glucose and oxygen are available to the cell?

A. mitochondria

B. peroxisomes

C. lysosomes

D. Endoplasmic reticulum  

 

E. Cytoplasm

8: Which of the following is not a type of tissue?

A. Muscle tissue

B. nervous tissue

C. embryonic tissue

D. epithelial tissue

E. connective tissue

9. Which connective tissue specializes in storage of fat?

A. tendon

B. adipose tissue

C. reticular tissue

D. dense connective tissue

E. ligament

10. Ligaments connect bones together and withstand a lot of stress. What type of connective tissue should you expect ligaments to contain?

A. areolar tissue

B. adipose tissue

C. dense regular connective tissue

D. dense irregular connective tissue

E. bone

11. Striations, cylindrical cells, and multiple nuclei are observed in which of the following muscles?

A. skeletal muscle only

B. cardiac muscle only

C. smooth muscle only

D. skeletal and cardiac muscles

E. both skeletal and smooth muscles

12. Skeletal muscle is composed of very hard working cells. Which organelles do you expect to find in abundance in skeletal muscle cell that produce energy?

A. nuclei

B. striations

C. golgi bodies

D. mitochondria

E. cytoplasm

 

13. Which cells are  responsible for the transmission of the nerve impulse ?

A. neurons

B. oligodendrocytes

C. astrocytes

D. microglia

E. shwann cell

14. The nerve impulse travels down the ________, away from the cell body.

A. dendrite

B. axon

C. microglia

D. collagen fiber

E. cell body

15:. Which of the following central nervous system star-like cells regulate ions, regulate the uptake and/or breakdown of some neurotransmitters, and contribute to the formation of the blood-brain barrier?

A. microglia

B. neuroglia

C. oligodendrocytes

D. astrocytes

E. neurone

16: Which function of the skeletal system would be especially important if you were in a car accident?

A. storage of minerals

B. protection of internal organs

C. facilitation of movement

D. fat storage

17. Which of the following statements describes the bone tissue?

A. dead calcified tissue

B. cartilage

C. the skeletal system

D. dense, hard connective tissue

E. hard tissue with no cells

18. The skeletal system is made of the following tissues?.

A. muscles and tendons

B. bones and cartilage

C. vitreous humor

D. minerals and fat

E. bones and muscles

19: Most of the bones of the arms and hands are long bones; however, the bones in the wrist are categorized as ________.

A. flat bones

B. short bones

C. sesamoid bones

D. irregular bones

E. regular bones

20. Sesamoid bones are found embedded in ________.

A. joints

B. muscles

C. ligaments

D. tendons

E. long bones

21. Which category of bone is among the most numerous in the skeleton?

A. long bone

B. sesamoid bone

C. short bone

D. flat bone

E. irregular

22. The fibrous membrane covering the outer surface of the bone is the ________.

A. periosteum

B. epiphysis

C. endosteum

D. diaphysis

23. The area of a bone where the nutrient foramen passes forms what kind of bone ing?

A. a hole

B. a facet

C. a canal

D. a fissure

24: The axial skeleton ________.

A. consists of 126 bones

B. forms the vertical axis of the body

C. includes all bones of the body trunk and limbs

D. includes only the bones of the lower limbs

E. Consists of 206 bones

25. The lambdoid suture joins the parietal bone to the one of the following bones?

A. frontal bone

B. occipital bone

C. other parietal bone

D. temporal bone

E. maxilla

26: Which of the following occurs in the spongy bone of the epiphysis?

A. bone growth

B. bone remodeling

C. hematopoiesis

D. shock absorption

E. lymph node

27:  The sternum ________.

A. consists of only two parts, the manubrium and xiphoid process

B. has the sternal angle located between the manubrium and body

C. receives direct attachments from the costal cartilages of all 12 pairs of ribs

D. articulates directly with the thoracic vertebrae

E. sigmoid bone

28: What is the origin of the wrist flexors?

A. the lateral epicondyle of the humerus

B. the medial epicondyle of the humerus

C. the carpal bones of the wrist

D. the deltoid tuberosity of the humerus

E. mid humerus

29: The large muscle group that attaches the leg to the pelvic girdle and produces extension of the hip joint is the ________ group.

A. gluteal

B. obturator

C. adductor

D. abductor

E. vastus

30:  Which muscle produces movement that allows you to cross your legs?

A. the gluteus maximus

B. the piriformis

C. the gracilis

D. the Sartorius

E. psoas

31. What is the largest muscle in the lower leg?

A. soleus

B. gastrocnemius

C. tibialis anterior

D. tibialis posterior

E. femoris

32. The vastus intermedius muscle is deep to which of the following muscles?

A. biceps femoris

B. rectus femoris

C. vastus medialis

D. vastus lateralis

E. biceps

33. Which term describes a bundle of axons in the peripheral nervous system?

A. nucleus

B. ganglion

C. tract

D. nerve

E. plexus

34. Which part of a neuron contains the nucleus?

A. dendrite

B. cell body

C. axon

D. synaptic end bulb

E. adipose layer

35. Which of the following lists the valves in the order through which the blood flows from the vena cava through the heart?

A. tricuspid, pulmonary semilunar, bicuspid, aortic semilunar

B. mitral, pulmonary semilunar, bicuspid, aortic semilunar

C. aortic semilunar, pulmonary semilunar, tricuspid, bicuspid

D. bicuspid, aortic semilunar, tricuspid, pulmonary semilunar

E. no valvular flow

36. Which chamber initially receives blood from the systemic circuit?

A. left atrium

B. left ventricle

C. right atrium

D. right ventricle

E. both atria

37. The myocardium would be the thickest in which of the following heart chambers?

A. left atrium

B. left ventricle

C. right atrium

D. right ventricle

E. septum

38. In which septum is it normal to find openings in the adult?

A. interatrial septum

B. interventricular septum

C. atrioventricular septum

D. all of the above

E. none of the above

37: The endothelium is found in the ________.

A. tunica intima

B. tunica media

C. tunica externa

D. lumen

E. nerves

38. Closer to the heart, arteries would be expected to have a higher percentage of ________.

A. endothelium

B. smooth muscle fibers

C. elastic fibers

D. collagenous fibers

E. skeletal muscles

39. Which of the following anatomical structures is not part of the conducting zone?

A. pharynx

B. nasal cavity

C. alveoli

D. bronchi

E. trachea

40. The fauces connects which of the following structures to the oropharynx?

A. nasopharynx

B. laryngopharynx

C. nasal cavity

D. oral cavity

E. thoracic cavity

41. Which of the following are structural features of the trachea?

A. C-shaped cartilage

B. smooth muscle fibers

C. cilia

D. all of the above

E. none of the above

42. Which of the following structures is not part of the bronchial tree?

A. alveoli

B. bronchi

C. terminal bronchioles

D. respiratory bronchioles

E. brochioles

43: Which of the following structures separates the lung into lobes?

A. mediastinum

B. fissure

C. root

D. pleura

E. carina

44: A section of the lung that receives its own tertiary bronchus is called the ________.

A. bronchopulmonary segment

B. pulmonary lobule

C. interpulmonary segment

D. respiratory segment

E. main brochi

45.  Which are two pleura layers that surrounds the lungs consists of two layers.?

A. visceral and parietal pleurae.

B. mediastinum and parietal pleurae.

C. visceral and mediastinum pleurae.

D. none of the above

E. All of the above

46. Which structure is located where the esophagus penetrates the diaphragm?

A. Esophageal hiatus

B. Cardiac orifice

C. Upper esophageal sphincter

D. Lower esophageal sphincter

E. Foramen

47. Which phase of deglutition involves contraction of the longitudinal muscle layer of the muscularis?

A. Voluntary phase

B. Buccal phase

C. Pharyngeal phase

D. Esophageal phase

E. None of the above

 

48. During gastric emptying, chyme is released into the duodenum through the ________.

A. esophageal hiatus

B. pyloric antrum

C. pyloric canal

D. pyloric sphincter

49. Which of these is most associated with villi?

A. haustra

B. Lacteals

C. bacterial flora

D. intestinal glands

50. Which part of the large intestine attaches to the appendix?

A. cecum

B. ascending colon

C. transverse colon

D. descending colon

 

 

SECTION B:  MULTIPLE TRUE & FALSE QUESTIONS. (10 )

This section consists of 4 questions with five(5) options each. Write TRUE for correct statement and FALSE for incorrect statement in the space provided.

1: Which of these processes occurs in the mouth?

A. ………………. ingestion

B. ……………… mechanical digestion

C. ………………...chemical digestion

D. …………………absorption

E. ………………….egestion

2:  What is the position of the body when it is in the “normal anatomical position?”

A. …………………The person is prone with upper limbs, including palms, touching sides and lower limbs touching at sides.

B. …………………The person is standing facing the observer, with upper limbs extended out at a ninety-degree angle from the torso and lower limbs in a wide stance with feet pointing laterally

C. …………………The person is supine with upper limbs, including palms, touching sides and lower limbs touching at sides.

D. ………………….The patient is supine with upper limbs facing anteriorly

E. …………………Any standing position

 

  

 


SECTION C: MATCHING ITEMS QUESTIONS

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

                  COLUMN A

            ( Vertebral column )

                 COLUMN B

          ( Features and functions of bones )

1,  Atlas

 

A.

2. Axis

B.

3. Coccyx

 

C.

4.  Thoracic vertebra 5

 

D:

5. Lumbar Vertebra 5

E.  

 

 

F:

 

G:

 

H:  C 

 

 

PART II: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

                  COLUMN A

      (  Basis of naming muscles )

                  COLUMN B

          ( Muscles )

1:  ……………………Shape

 

A:  Biceps

2. ……………………..Location in the body

B.   gluteal minimus

3.  ……………………size

C.  obcularis oris

4. ………………….number of bellies or origins

 

D: Adductors

5. …………………..Action

E. tibialis anterior

 

F: trapezius

 

G: masseter

 

H.  obcularis oculi

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

                  COLUMN A

            ( Tarsal bones )

                 COLUMN B

          ( Bony description )

1,  ……………….Talus

 

A.Three arranged bones

2. ………………. Calcaneus

B. Located between talus and medial cuneiform

3. ……………… Naviculae

 

C. Form a heel

4.  ……………….Cuboid

D: Form a joint with tibia

5. ……………… Cuneiform

E.  Forms a joint with a patella

 

 

F: laterally located anterior to cuneiform

 

G: located superior to talus

 

H:  located inferior to calcaneus

 

 

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

                  COLUMN A

            ( Vertebral column )

                 COLUMN B

          ( Features and functions of bones )

1,  ……………….Pubis

 

A.Joins the sacrum

2. …………………Ischium

B. Joints two pubic bones

3. ……………… Ilium

 

C.Foramen in the pubis

4.  ………………Pubic symphysis

 

D: Posterolateral part of hip bone

5. ……………..Obturator foramen

E.  Joins to tibia

 

 

F: Anterior part of hip bone

 

G: foramen forming hip joint

 

H:  lateral bone of hip

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

                  COLUMN A

            ( Vertebral column )

                 COLUMN B

          ( Features and functions of bones )

1,  ………………Mandible

 

A: Cheekbones

2. ……………… Maxilla

B. Movable bone

3. ……………… palatine bone   

 

C. form lateral walls of the nose

4.  …………… Zygomatic bone

D: Forms a nasal bridge

5. …………….. nasal bone

E.  Attaches upper jaw teeth

 

 

F:  forms part of pharynx

 

G:contains lacrimal glands for lacrimation

 

H: form a roof of the nasal cavity

 

 

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

                  COLUMN A

            ( Vertebral column )

                 COLUMN B

          ( Features and functions of bones )

1,  ……………….Frontal bone

 

A.Upper lateral side of the skull

2. …………………Parietal bone

B. Lower lateral side of the  skull

3. ……………….Temporal bone

 

C.Bone of the forehead

4.  ………………Occipital bone

 

D: Cover the eyeballs

5. ……………..Sphenoid bone

E.  Bone of posterior skull

 

 

F: Anterior part of hip bone

 

G: Forms roof the nasal cavity

 

H:  Keystone bone

 

 

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

                  COLUMN A

            ( sutures of the human skull )

                 COLUMN B

     ( structural description of the sutures )

1,  ………………...Pterion

 

A.Lateral suture

2. …………………Coronal suture

B. H Shaped suture

3. ……………… ..Sagital suture

 

C.joins frontal to parietal bones

4.  ………………..Squamous suture

 

D: midline suture

5. ……………….Lambdoid suture

E.  Joins occipital to temporal and parietal bones

 

 

F: Anterior fontanelles before it become fusion of bones

 

G: Joins frontal to occipital bones

 

H:  Joins occipital temporal alone

 

 

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

                  COLUMN A

            ( bones of the thoracic cage )

                 COLUMN B

 Structural description of the bones of the cage

1,  ……………….Floating ribs

 

A.Joins directly to the sternum

2. …………………Sternum

B. Joins to the scapula

3. ……………… Manubrium

 

C.Joins to the clavicle

4.  ………………True ribs

 

D: Joins to the cervical vertebrae

5. ……………….False ribs

E.  Joins indirectly to the sternum via cartilages

 

F: Joins to abdominal cavity

 

G: short hence not attached to sternus

 

H:  Interior part of the sternum

 

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

                  COLUMN A

            ( Carpal bones)

                 COLUMN B

          ( Structural descriptions in terms of their shapes)

1,  ………………Scaphoid bone

 

A.Moon shaped

2. …………………Lunnate bone

B. Head shaped

3. ……………… Trapezius bone

 

C. Pea shaped

4.  ………………Pisiform bone

 

D:  Table like shape

5. ……………..Capitate

E.  Hook like shape

 

 

F: Three corned shape

 

G: Boat shaped

 

H:  Irregular shape

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

 

                  COLUMN A

            ( Carpal bones)

                 COLUMN B

          ( Structural descriptions in terms of their shapes)

1,  ……………… Aorta

 

A.Drains blood to the left atrium.

2. ……………… Pulmonary truck

B. Collect blood from lower body parts draining to the heart

3. ……………… inferior vena cava

 

C. Supply blood to all  body tissues

4.  ………………Superior venacava

 

D:  blood from head , neck and upper limbs is drained to the right atrium

5. …………….. pulmonary veins

E.  Drain blood into the right auricle

 

 

F: Drains blood to the right ventricle

G: Mix oxygenated and deoxygenated blood

 

H:  carries no  blood

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

 

                  COLUMN A

            (Related Structures of the oral cavity

                 COLUMN B

          ( Location in oral cavity)

1,  ……………… Lips

 

A.Found within the oral cavity and used for chewing of food

2. ………………  Teeth

B. Posterior part of the oral cavity

3. ……………… Oropharynx

 

C. Anterior opening of the oral cavity

4.  ………………Palates

 

D:  Forms floor of the oral cavity

5. …………….. Tongue

E.  Forms a roof of the oral cavity

F: Forms lateral walls of the oral cavity

G: Attached to movable bone called maxilla

 

H:  Attached to immovable bone called mandible

 

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

 

                  COLUMN A

            (Structures of the large intestine)

                 COLUMN B

          ( Structural and functional  descriptions)

1,  ……………… Appendix

 

A. Absorbs much of water into circulation

2. ………………  Caecum

B.Vestigeal organ that harbours bacteria

3. ………………  Colon

C. Pouch like organ which stores feces

4.  ………………Rectum

 

D:  Egestion opening

5. …………….. Anus

E.  anastomoses with ilium

F: Ingestion opening

G: Anastomose with jejunum

 

H:  Produces enzymes for digestion

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

 

                  COLUMN A

            (Muscles of the facial expression)

                 COLUMN B

          (Facial expression)

1,  ……………… corrugator supercilii,

 

A. compresses the cheek and whistle

2. ………………  buccinator 

B. closes the eye.

3. ……………… Orbicularis oris

 

C. moves up the scalp and eyebrows and form wrinkles

4.  ……………… Orbicularis oculi 

 

D:  prime mover of the eyebrows

5. …………….. Occipitofrontalis

E.  that moves the lips

F: helps in swallowing

G: moves eyeball

H:  moves shoulders

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

 

                  COLUMN A

            (Muscles of the facial expression)

                 COLUMN B

          (Facial expression)

1,  ……………… Pleura cavity

 

A. fluid produced by ependyma cells

2. ……………….Pleural fluid

B. Point at which two pleura layers meet

3. ……………… Parietal pleura

C. layer that is superficial to the lungs

4.  ……………… visceral pleura

D:  outer layer that connects to the thoracic wall

5. …………….. …hilum

E.  space between the pleura layers.

 

F:fluid produced by mesothelium within cavity

G:Point where trachea bifurcates

H:  layer fattaching to the skin over chest

 

 

 

PART I: Write a letter of the correct responses besides the questions in Column A which corresponds to responses in column B.

 

                  COLUMN A

            ( Types of Synovial joints )

                 COLUMN B

          ( Examples of joints )

1,  ……………… Pivot joint

 

A. Shoulder joint

2. ……………….Ball and socket joint

B. Elbow joint

3. ……………… Hinge joint

C. intercarpal joint

4.  ………………Plane joint

D:  Antlo-axial joint

5. ……………..saddle joint

E.  Carpometacarpal joint

 

F: Sagital sututre

G: Gymphosis

H:  Smphysisi

 

 

 

SECTION D. SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS. (40 )

This section consists of eight(8) questions. Write your answers in space provided.

1:  a)  Define Anatomy ( 1 )

     b)  Mention five levels of structural organization of a human body ( 5  )

i. …………………………………………………………

i.  ………………………………………………………………

iii …………………………………………………………………

iv.…………………………………………………………………

v………………………………………………………….

2:  Mention and define three anatomical planes which are mostly applied in structure descriptions                                                                                             ( 6)

i.     …………………………………………..

ii. ……………………………………………….

iii.  ………………….…………………………..

3:  Mention five (5) pairs of movement that are performed in main anatomical planes .               ( 5)

i.    ………………………………………….

ii. ……………………………………………….

iii.  ………………….…………………………..

iv. ………………………………………………

v. …………………………………………….

4: A) Define a cell                                                                                                       (1)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

    B) Mention 3 main component of a cell                                                                ( 3)

i.    ………………………………………….

ii. ……………………………………………….

iii.  ………………….…………………………..

 

5:  Mention four(4) common properties of muscle tissue which all three types of muscles have in common                                                                                                              (4 )

i.     ………………………………………….

ii. ……………………………………………….

iii.  ………………….…………………………..

iv. ……………………………………………..

6:  Mention five (5) types of bones as per bone classification. ( 5)

i.     ………………………………………….

ii. ……………………………………………….

iii.  ………………….…………………………..

iv. ………………………………………………

v. ……………………………………………..

7: Mention six (6) muscles which move the eyeballs and attached on the surfaces of the both eyeballs.                                                                                                                        ( 3)

i. ………………………………………….

ii. ……………………………………………….

iii.  ………………….…………………………..

iv. ………………………………………………

v. ………………………………………………

 8:  Mr. Juju sustained injury on left arm following a fall which injured muscles of the left arm. Mention five (5) muscles which are found on the arm and hence move the hand.  (5 )

i.  ……………………………………………..

ii.  …………………………………………………….

iii.  …………………………………………………………

iv. …………………………………………….

v. ……………………………………………….

9: A) Define a thigh                                                                                                  ( 1)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

     B) Mention three (3) muscles of anterior compartment of the thigh               ( 3)

i. ……………………………………

ii. …………………………………..

iii. ……………………………………

 

10: A) Define a skeleton                                                                                                   ( 1)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

     B) Mention four (4) functions of the human skeleton                                             (4)

i. ……………………………………………………………………………………………

ii. …………………………………………………………………………………………..

iii. ……………………………………………………………………………………………..

iv. ………………………………………………………………………………………………

11: Mention five (5) bones of the brain case. ( 5)

i. …………………………….

ii. ………………………………..

iii. ………………………………….

iv. ………………………………………

v. ………………………………………..

12: A) Define a suture                                                (  1)

 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

B) Mention four (4) sutures found in adult brain case/skull.

i. ………………………………………………….

ii. …………………………………………………..

iii. ……………………………………………………

iv. ……………………………………………………..

13:A) Define paranasal sinus                                               (1)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

B) Mention three (3) paranasal sinuses in a adult human ( 3)

i. ………………………………………………….

ii. ……………………………………………………

iii. …………………………………………………….

14: A) Define a sternum                                                              ( 1 )

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

B) Mention three parts ot the sternum  ( 3)

i. ………………………

ii. ………………………….

iii. ………………………….

15: Pelvis is formed by four important bones. Mention at least three (3) bones forming the pelvis ( 3)

i. ………………………..

ii. ………………………..

iii. ………………………….

16:  Mention three respiratory structures found in upper respiratory tract    (3)                                                                  

i. ……………………………………….

ii.   ……………………………………

iii. …………………………………….

17:  Mention three (3) differences between right bronchus and left brochus ( 6)

i. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

ii. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

iii. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

18: Mention any four (4) anatomical regions of the body that form axial and appendicular axes. ( 4)

i. ………………………………………………………

ii. ……………………………………………………….

iii. ………………………………………………………..

iv. ……………………………………………………….

19: A) Define a pharynx                                                                                        ( 1)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

      B) Mention three (3) parts of pharynx                                                         ( 3)

i. …………………………………………………

ii. …………………………………………………

iii. …………………………………………………

20; Mention three large cartilages forming a larynx                                      (  3)

i. ……………………………………………….

ii. ……………………………………………….

iii. ……………………………………………..

21: Mention four (4) chambers of the heart                                                    ( 4)

i. ……………………………………………………………..

ii. ……………………………………………………………..

iii. …………………………………………………………….

iv. ……………………………………………………………..

22: A) Define a joint             (1)

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

      B) Mention three (3)structural classificiation of the joints          ( 3)

i. ………………………………………………………

ii. ………………………………………………………..

iii. ……………………………………………………..

 

23: A) Define a synovial joint                                       ( 1)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        B) Mention three types of synovial joints and one example for each mentioned type. (6)

i. …………………………………………………………………………………………..

ii. ………………………………………………………………………………………….

iii. ………………………………………………………………………………………………

24: Mention four facial bones found in a human skull                                        ( 4 )

i. ………………………………..

ii. …………………………………..

iii. …………………………………

iv. …………………………………

25: Humerus is one of the important bones in a human body. Mention four parts of this bone .                                                                                                                         ( 4 )

i. …………………………………………………………..

ii. …………………………………………………………….

iii. ………………………………………………………………

26: A) Define a tissue                                                      ( 1)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

     B)Mention four types of tissue                                                                          (4)

i. ……………………………………….

ii. ………………………………………

iii. …………………………………………….

iv. …………………………………………

27: Mention four(4) muscles of facial expression                                                     ( 4)

i. ……………………………………….

ii. ………………………………………

iii. ……………………………………..

iv. ………………………………………

28: Mention four parts of the stomach which helps it to function as digestive and storage organ in alimentary canal.                          (4)

i. ………………………………………

ii. ………………………………………..

iii. ……………………………………….

iv. …………………………………………

29: Large intestine plays a role in absoption of water in digestive system. What are four parts of colon as a part of large intestines ( 4)

i. ……………………………….

ii. ………………………………

iii. ………………………........

iv. ……………………………..

30:  Large intestine plays a role in absoption of water in digestive system. What are four parts of  large intestines ( 4)

i. ……………………………….

ii. ………………………………

iii. ………………………........

iv. ………………………………

31: What are the four tissue layers which alimentary canal is composed of? (4)

i. ………………………………………..

ii. ……………………………………….

iii. …………………………………………

iv. …………………………………………

32: A) What is the peritoneum?                                      (1)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

B) What are the difference between parietal and visceral peritoneum? (2)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

33: What are the accessory organs of digestive system? (3 )

i. ……………………………………………………

ii. ……………………………………………………..

iii. ………………………………………………………

34:  In mechanical digestion, teeth play a great role in chewing food particles and tongue in formation of bolus before swallowing process starts.

A) : What are the four types of teeth involved in mechanical digestion? ( 4)

i. ………………………………..

ii. ………………………………

iii. …………………………….

iv. …………………………..

B): What are the muscles of mastication involved in this process?(2)

i. …………………………………..

ii. ……………………………………

35: A) What is a swallowing?                                                                    ( 1)

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

B) Swallowing is aided by presence of mucus and saliva through three phases. What are these phases of swallowing? (3)

i. ………………………………………

ii. ……………………………………….

iii. ………………………………………

36:  The posterior-inferior view of a liver is uneven structurally and seen to have four liver lobes. What are these lobes of the liver seen? ( 4)

i. …………………………….

ii. ………………………………

iii. ………………………………..

iv. ………………………………

37: Aorta is the greatest vessel in systemic circulation and it is named basing on its location as it is called thoracic aorta when it supplies blood within thoracic cavity. What are the three parts of thoracic aorta                                                                               (3)

38: What are the branches of aorta at aortic arc? ( 3)

i. ……………………………………..

ii. ………………………………………

iii. ………………………………………

39:  Mention four heart/Cardiac valves that are very important in preventing backflow of blood (4)

i. ………………………………………

ii. ………………………………………….

iii. ………………………………………

iv. ………………………………………

40:  Circle of  Wills form an important network of blood supply in the brain. What are the five (5) arteries which form this circle of blood supply?( 5)

i. ………………………………………………………………….

ii. ………………………………………………………………….

iii. ……………………………………………………………………..

iv. …………………………………………………………………….

v. …………………………………………………………………….

41:  Mention any four tarsal bones that form a foot of a human being? (4)

i. …………………………………….

ii. ………………………………………..

iii. ……………………………………..

iv. ……………………………………..

42: Mention any four carpal bones that form an hand of a human being? (4)

i. …………………………………….

ii. ………………………………………..

iii. ……………………………………..

iv. ……………………………………..

43: Basing on structure of the pelvis, what are the difference between male pelvis and female pelvis ( 6)

i. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

ii. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

iii. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

 

44: Movement of the head is very important in attaining sight in range of fields.

A); What is a name of the muscle that performs internal and external rotation of the neck/head laterally? (1)

………………………………………………………….

B); What is a name of a muscles which perform extension of the neck/ up and down movement ot the head                                                                               (1)

………………………………………………………..

C); What are the joint which allow range of motion of the head?        ( 2)

i. ……………………………..

ii. …………………………….

45: Mention parts of the gallbladder as a digestive organ             ( 3  )

i. …………………………….

ii. ……………………………….

iii. ……………………………..

46:  Mention parts of the pancreas as a digestive organ             ( 3  )

i. …………………………….

ii. ……………………………….

iii. ……………………………..

47: A); What is a diaphragm? ( 1)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

B): Mention three opening of the diaphragm and name structures that pass through those opening. ( 6 )

i. …………………………………………………………………………………………

ii. …………………………………………………………………………………………

iii. …………………………………………………………………………………………

48: Mention five bones of upper limb? ( 5)

i. ……………………………………

ii. ………………………………………

iii. ………………………………………..

iv. ……………………………………….

v. …………………………………………

 

49: Mention five bones of lower limb? ( 5)

i. ……………………………………

ii. ………………………………………

iii. ………………………………………..

iv. ……………………………………….

v. ………………………………………

50: Mention pelvic cavity bones  ( 5)

i. ……………………………………

ii. ………………………………………

iii. ………………………………………..

iv. ……………………………………….

v. …………………………………………

 

 

 

SECTION E: GUIDED ESSAY ANSWER QUESTIONS.

This is section consists of two (2) questions that are answered in a narrative way. Write your answer/essay in a separate sheet of paper provided. Each questions should start in a new page.

1:  Describe bony structure of the thoracic cavity.                                        ( 15)

2. Describe structure of the heart                                                                   ( 15)

3: In details, describe the  structure of the vertebral column.                        ( 15)

4: Breathing is a crucial function performed by respiratory system. Describe the structure of respiratory tract involved in breathing.                                                          ( 15)

5: Digestion gives nourishment to our bodies and give a good look and healthy. In details describe the structure of alimentary canal.                                                      ( 15)

6: Describe muscular structure of the upper limb                                            ( 15)

7: Describe muscular structure of the thigh                                                     ( 15)

8: With two examples(where applicable), describe organizational structure of the human being.( 15)

9: What are the  differences between veins and arteries structurally and functionally. (15)

10: Describe muscular structure ot the upper limb (15)

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