HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY | PAST PAPERS | PHARMACY PST LEVEL 4

HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY | PAST PAPERS | PHARMACY PST LEVEL 4

1. Answer item (1) to (x) by choosing the letter of the most correct answer and write in the box provided using CAPITAL letter

(i)A baby was born with erythroblastosis fetalis. Her blood group was A+.For the exchange transfusion the baby should receive the blood with which group

 A. A_

B. B_

C. A+

D. B+

E. AB_

 

(ii) Which of the following white blood cells is capable of phagocytosis?

A. Eosinophils

B. Basophils

C. T-Lymphocyte                                                                             

D. Neutrophil

E. B-lymphocyte

 

(iii) Which of the following statements about erythrocytes is correct?

A. They fight infection

B. They clot blood

C. They lack a nucleus

D. They are produced in spleen

E. They produce antibodies

 

(iv)The formation of a blood clot is known as which of the following?

A. Coagulation

B. Chemotaxis

C. Leucopoiesis

D. Erythropoiesis

E. Thrombocytosis

 

(v) What are the four primary types of tissues?

A. epithelial, cartilage, muscular and brain

B. connective, epithelial, skin and blood

C. Epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous

D. Glands, bone, lungs and kidneys

E. Bone, cartilage, brain and epithelial

 

(vi) In humans, which anatomical term is synonymous with ventral?

A. Medial

B. Posterior

C. Anterior

D. inferior

E. superior

 

(vii) Which type of tissue is specialized for energy storage and thermal insulation? 

A. cartilaginous tissue

B. muscular tissue

C. adipose tissue

D. epithelial tissue

E.Nervous tissue

 

 

(viii) Which of the following characteristic found in epithelial tissue, but not connective, muscular, or nervous tissue

A. large extracellular matrix

B. contractility

C. ability to carry action potential

D. basement membrane

E.Relaxability

 

(ix) The lining of blood capillaries supplying body cells with oxygen and nutrients, are expected to consist which type of tissue?

A. connective tissue

B. simple squamous epithelium

C. stratified squamous epithelium

D. simple columnar epithelium

E.Simple columnar epithelium

 

(x) Which term defines the junction between two neurons?

A. node of Ranvier

B. Loop of henle

C.Synapse

D.Dendrite

 E.Ganglion

 

 

 

SECTION B: MULTIPLE TRUE AND FALSE QUESTIONS (20%)

Instructions

·         This section consists of eight(8) questions with five(5) options each

·         Write the word ‘TRUE’ for a correct statement and word ‘FALSE’ for incorrect statement

·         All responses should be in CAPITAL letter

·         Half (1/2) a  will be awarded for each correct responses

·         Responses with the letter ‘T’ and ‘F’ will not be awarded  any

·         There will be a penalty of half(1/2) of allocated   for correct responses with small letters

2. Regarding the formed elements of blood;

(i)Neutrophil                                                                                               ……………….

(ii)Monocyte                                                                                               ……………….

(iii) Erythrocytes                                                                                        ………………..

(iv)Mast cell                                                                                               ………………..

(v) Lymphocyte                                                                                          ……………….

 

3. Concerning epithelial tissue

(i)Vagina is lined by simple squamous epithelium                                       …………........

(ii)Transitional epithelium is also called ‘Urothelium’                                 ………………

(iii)Skin is covered with stratified squamous non keratinized epithelium    ………………

(iv)Esophagus is lined by simple columnar epithelium                                ………………

(v)Stomach is lined by simple columnar epithelium                                    ………………

 

4. Regarding connective tissue

(i)Tissue which lines the body surfaces                                                       ……………….

(ii)It is classified as connective tissue proper and specialized                    ………………..

(iii)Ground substances secretes cells of the connective tissue                    ………………..

(iv)Fibroblast is the residence cell                                                               ……………….

(v)Contain collagen, insulin and elastic fibers                                            ……………….

 

5. Regarding Erythropoiesis steps;

(i)Kidney detects the reduced oxygen carrying capacity of blood             …………………

(ii)Secretion of Erythropoietin                                                                   …………………

(iii)Bone marrow suppression                                                                    ………………….

(iv)Increases number of leukocyte                                                             …………………

(v)Increases oxygen carrying capacity of blood                                        …………………

 

6. Concerning hemostasis (blood clotting) mechanism;

(i)Vascular injury                                                                                      …………………

(ii) Vasodilatation                                                                                     …………………

(iii)Platelets activation                                                                             …………………

(iv)Platelet aggregation                                                                            …………………

(v) Coagulation cascades                                                                     …………………

 

7. Regarding the characteristics of epithelia tissue;

(i)Cellularity                                                                                                 ………………

(ii)Polarity                                                                                                    ………………

(iii)Attachment                                                                                             ………………

(iv)Vascularity                                                                                             ………………

(v)Regeneration                                                                                           ………………

 

 

8. Regarding connective tissue;

(i)Tissue which lines the body surface                                                         …………………

(ii)It is classified as connective tissue proper and specialized                      …………………

(iii)Ground substance secretes cells of connective tissue                             ...........................

(iv)Fibroblast is the residence cell                                                                 ...........................

(v)Contain collagen, insulin and elastic fibers  

                                           ………………...

 9. Regarding cell, the following statements are correct;

(i)A cell is a basic structural and functional unit of life                              …………………

(ii)Collection of tissue performing common function                                 …………………

(iii)Mitochondria is a power house                                                              …………………

(iv)Shrinks when placed in hypertonic solution                                          …………………

(v)Swells and burst when placed in hypotonic solution                              …………………

 

SECTION C: MATCHING ITEMS SECTION (10%)

Instructions

·         This section consists of two (2) questions of  matching items with five (5) options each

·         Each item from column B is used only once

10A) Match the epithelial tissue lining/covering from COLUMN B and its corresponding body organ/cavity  in COLUMN A by writing the letter of a correct response in the table provided below;

COLUMN A

(Body organs)

(i)Small intestine

(ii)Mouth

(iii)Skin

(iv)Cappilaries

(v)Ureter

 

COLUMN B

(Type of epithelia tissue)

A. Simple squamous epithelium

B. Transitional epithelium

C.Stratified squamous epithelium non keratinized

D.Stratified squamous epithelium keratinized

E.Simple columnar epithelium

F.Simple cuboidal epithelium

G.Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

H.Stratified columnar epithelium

COLUMN A

i

Ii

iii

Iv

V

COLUMN B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10B) Match the explanations/definitions from COLUMN B with their specific terminologies in COLUMN A by writing the letter of the correct response in the table provided below.

COLUMN A

(Terminologies)

(i)Histology

(ii)Cytology

(iii)Physiology

(iv)Pathology

(v)Gross anatomy

 

COLUMN B

(Explanation/definitions)

A. study of structure as they appear in human body

B. study of the external form of the body and its relation to deeper structures

C. Examines the structural features of cells using microscope.

D. The science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, their organs and the cells of which they are composed

E. The medical science dealing with all aspects of disease, with an emphasis on the cause and development of abnormal conditions as well as the structural and functional changes resulting from disease.

F. The scientific discipline that investigates the body’s structure

G. study of the structural changes that occur between conception and adulthood

H. study of tissues, which are cells and the material surrounding them

COLUMN A

i

Ii

iii

Iv

V

COLUMN B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECTION D: SHORT ANSWERS QUESTIONS (40%)

Instructions:

·         This section consists of eight(8) questions

·         Write your answers in the space provided on each question

·         Write a readable handwrite; DIRTY WORK IS NOT ALLOWED.

11. Outline five disorders of blood formed elements (5)

(i)…………

(ii)……………….

(iii)……….

(iv)……….

(v)…………

 

12. List five components of blood plasma (5)

(i)…………

(ii)……………….

(iii)……….

(iv)……….

(v)………………

 

13. Mention five (5) systems of human body (5)

(i)………………

(ii)……….

(iii)………

(iv)………

(v)……….

 

14. List five (5) characteristics of living organism (5)

(i)……………………

(ii)…………….

(iii)……………

(iv)……………

(v)…………….

 

15. Mention five (5) organ specific macrophages (5)

(i)…………….

(ii)……………

(iii)…………………

(iv)……………

(v)…………….

 

16. Outline five (5) functions of epithelial tissue (5)

(i)……………………

(ii)…………….

(iii)……………

(iv)……………

(v)…………….

 

17. Mention any five (5) organs of the human body (5)

(i)……………………

(ii)…………….

(iii)……………

(iv)……………

(v)…………….

 

18. Mention five (5) organs lined by simple columnar epithelium (5)

(i)……………………

(ii)…………….

(iii)……………

(iv)……………

(v)……………

 

SECTION E: ESSAY GUIDED QUESTIONS (20)

Instructions:

·         This section consist of two(2)questions which are supposed to be answered in narrative way

·         Bulleting and numbering is NOT ALLOWED

·         Write your answers on the empty pages of this question paper

·         Each question should start on a new page

19. Describe six (6) functions of blood (10)

………………

 

20.  Describe the classification of exocrine gland; (10)

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