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DOWNLOAD HUMAN ANATOMY PAST PAPERS

DOWNLOAD HUMAN ANATOMY PAST PAPERS

 DOWNLOAD HUMAN ANATOMY PAST PAPERS

TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS:

1.      Concerning epithelial tissues:

a.       …………………….simple squamous is modified for protection.

b.      …………………….simple columnar is modified for absorption

c.       …………………….stratified epithelium is modified for protection.

d.      …………………….non-keratinized contains no keratin and may be found in tissues like nail and hair.

e.       …………………….keratinized epithelium contains elastin protein.

 

2.      Concerning muscle tissue:

a.       ………………contracts when excited.

b.      ………………relaxes when excited.

c.       …………….smooth muscles may be found in tissues like heart and urinary bladder.

d.      …………...skeletal muscles are attached to bony skeleton.

e.       ……………cardiac muscles accumulates blood when contract.


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3.      Regarding to Fibroblasts:

a.      .................Are flat, spindle shaped cells with branching of cytoplasmic processes with elliptical and have elongated nucleus

b.      ..................Fibroblasts are found in nearly all types of tissues

c.       .................... Fibroblasts secrete connective tissue elements which help in remodelling the extracellular matrix, which is important in wound healing and tissue repair.

d.      .................. Active fibroblasts have scant cytoplasm.

e.      ...................Inactive fibroblasts (fibrocytes) are smaller and have diminished cytoplasm.

4.      Concerning the vertebral column:

a.      …………………….. There are twelve cervical vertebrae

b.      ……………………..There are 12 thoracic vertebrae

c.       ……………………..tail bone is not fused in adults.

d.      …………..sacrum is fused in adults and has four vertebrae.

e.      ……………………..Atlas  is the first cervical vertebra.

5.      The accessory organs of urinary system include

A.      …… Ureters,

B.      …… Urinary bladder

C.       ……Urethra

D.     …….Penis

E.      …….Epididymis

6.      With regards to function of kidney

A.      ………..Filtering of blood

B.      …………Regulation of blood pressure

C.      …………Regulation of blood pressure

D.     …………Regulation of the plasma electrolytes

E.      …………Synthesis of Vitamin D

7.      With regards to upper respiratory  system disorders

A.      ………..Pharyngitis

B.      ………..Epiglottitis

C.      ………..Rheumatic fever

D.     ………...Diphtheria

E.      …………Pneumonia

 

8.      The specialized lymphatic organs include;-

A.      ……….Tonsils,

B.      ……….Vessels

C.      ……….Thymus,

D.      ………Spleen

E.      ……….Liver

 

9.      With regard to thymus

A.      ……..The thymus is located inferior to the thyroid gland.

B.      ……..In the foetus and infant, the thymus is large and extends under the sternum

C.      …...The thymus hormones are necessary for immunological competence by enabling the T-cells to participate in the recognition of foreign antigens and provide immunity.

D.     …...This capability of T cells is established early in life and then is perpetuated by the lymphocytes themselves.

E.      …….The newborn’s immune system is yet fully mature, and infants are more susceptible to certain infections than are older children and adults.

10.  With regards to composition of blood plasma;

A.      …….Fats

B.      …….Protein

C.      …….Albumin

D.     ……..Globulin

E.      ……..Fibrinogen

11.  With regards to erythropoiesis

A.      ……..In human adults, this usually occurs within the bone marrow

B.      …….In the early foetus, erythropoiesis takes place in the mesodermal cells of the yolk sac.

C.      …….By the third or fourth month, erythropoiesis moves to the bone marrow

D.     …….In humans with certain diseases, erythropoiesis also occurs outside the bone marrow, within the spleen or liver

E.      …….The tibia and femur cease to be important sites of haematopoiesis by about age of 20 years

12.  With regards to Uterus

A.      …….Shaped like an upside-down pear, inferior to the urinary bladder

B.      ……Between the two ovaries in the pelvic cavity

C.      …….During pregnancy the uterus decreases greatly in size, contains the placenta to nourish the embryo-foetus,

D.     ……Expels the baby at the end of gestation.

E.      ……Divided in to fundus (upper part), body (central part) and cervix (lower part)

 

SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS.   

  1. Connective tissues are tissues which surround and support other tissues, answer the questions below concerning connective tissue.

a.      What three components make the connective tissues?

b.      What one major difference exists between bone as a connective tissue from other connective tissues?

  1. Each tissue has cells which perform related functions.

a.      List two examples of resident cells.

b.      What are the classifications of cartilages based on the fibres it contains?

  1. What two major differences you can make between the brown adipose tissue from the white one?
  2. Concerning bone tissue , fill on the blank space provided.

                                I.            What is Periosteum?

                              II.            What are the functions periosteum?

5.      Skeleton is is divided into axial and appendicular;

I.        What difference do you make between axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton

                              II.            What is the name of the joint does the scapular form with the clavicle?

6.      Thoracic cage is made from different bones which articulate to form different joints, List five joints of the thoracic cage.

7.      What structural differences do you make between smooth muscles from cardiac muscles?

8.      Why the vertebrae of the vertebral column are 33 in number in infants as distinguished to 26 in adults?

9.      The complete circle of connecting vessels in the brain is called the __________. 

10.  The vessel that drains blood from all body regions below the diaphragm muscle before emptying into the right atrium is the

11.  The flow of blood through a capillary bed is called _

  

ESSAY QUESTIONS

1.      Discuss on the functions of the vertebral column. 

2.      Discuss on the functions of the epithelium.

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